damage

damage
1 noun (U)
1 PHYSICAL HARM physical harm caused to something or someone
(+ to): damage to property | serious/severe/extensive damage (=very bad damage): The earthquake caused extensive structural damage. | minor/superficial damage (=damage that is not very serious) | do/cause damage: Don't you realize the damage these chemicals are doing to our environment? | brain/liver/lung etc damage (=damage caused to someone's brain etc): permanent brain damage from the accident | irreparable/irreversible damage (=damage that cannot be repaired) | water/storm/flood etc damage (=damage caused by water, a storm etc)
2 EMOTIONAL HARM harm caused to someone's emotions or mind: Such a traumatic childhood experience can cause terrible emotional damage.
3 BAD EFFECT a bad effect on something
(+ to): The damage to his reputation was considerable.
4 MONEY damages (plural) law money that a court orders someone to pay to someone else for harming them or their property: The court awarded him £15,000 in damages.
5 the damage is done used to say that something bad has happened which makes it impossible to go back to the way things were before it happened: She immediately regretted her outburst, but the damage was done.
6 what's the damage? spoken used humorously to ask how much you have to pay
7 damage limitation an attempt to limit the damage to something: a damage limitation exercise to save the Prime Minister
2 verb (T)
1 to cause physical harm to something or to part of someone's body: Take care not to damage the timer mechanism. | I've damaged a knee ligament.
2 to have a bad effect on something or someone in a way that makes them weaker or less successful: Taylor felt her reputation had been damaged by the newspaper article.
— damaging adjective

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

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  • Damage — Dam age, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Damaged} (d[a^]m [asl]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Damaging} (d[a^]m [asl]*j[i^]ng).] [Cf. OF. damagier, domagier. See {Damage}, n.] To occasion damage to the soundness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • damage — [dam′ij] n. [ME < OFr < dam < L damnum, loss, injury: see DAMN] 1. injury or harm to a person or thing, resulting in a loss in soundness or value 2. [pl.] Law money claimed by, or ordered paid to, a person to compensate for injury or… …   English World dictionary

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